Anikst. Mikhail.  Soviet Commercial Design of the Twenties.  Introduction and texts by ElenaChernivich.  English edition translated and edited by Catherine Cooke.  New York: Abbeville Press,1987. xxvii + 144 pp. Color and Black-and-White Graphics. andBlack-and-White Photographic Illustrations, Index of Artists (142-144). ISBN: 1-



            This book details more than 300 commercial art items.  Avant-garde artwork reveals 

the Soviet political climate of the 1920’s-early 1930’s.  Emphasis in images implies power of industrialization.  Also, images puts forth a perception of the peasantry as poor old-fashioned, poorly clad in patched clothing, ignorant and needing to be taught through compliance to the teachings of wiser Soviet agitators, government.


“Our Age is the Age of Industry,” (77-79)

Tractors prominently display the Hammer and Sickle emblem.


“Symbols of Contemporaneity,” (80-89)

“The Knowledgeable Husbandman Always Gets a Good Harvest.  If He is What You Want to Become, Buy the Agricultural Series in the Shops of the Publishers of Economic Life” (87) shows a peasant reading a tractor manual.


“Advertising and Political Propaganda,” (92-95)

A candy wrapper for Peredvizhnoi chocolate from the State Confectionery Trust of

Ukraine unwraps to reveal pictures of the victory of Soviet Communism over

Capitalism (93).  Anti-religion campaign (94-95)


“Advertising’s Cast of Characters,” (96-99)

Peasant in patched clothing shown with worker and standing soldier in uniform (99)


Dokhvat, Christina. “Mama, May I Have Some Bread?”  Painting.  Contact the Ukrainian Autocephalous Church in South Bound Brook, New Jersey, USA.


Woods, Anna. Freeing the Spirits: The Paintings and Short Stories of Eastern Europe. Foreword by Olya Marko.  Winnipeg: Queenston House Press, 1986.  x + 48, ISBN:



Short stories indicative of social conditions with accompanying paintings.  ”The War Memorial in Kviv,” (38-45), states the harvest of 1932 was good, but confiscated by authorities. Each person fears not only death of self, but of other family members. Describes a father eating dirt, family grazing in the woods and fields, and the symptoms of hunger: labored breathing, listlessness, fainting.





The Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry.  Collectivization and its Impact on

the Ukrainian Population and on Soviet Agricultural Productivity: Hearing before the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry. United States Senate, 98th Congress 1st sess., November 15, 1983. SHRG 98-959.  Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 1984.  iii + 124 pp. LCCN: 84-603766. Available at some depository libraries on microfiche, Item1032-C, 1032-D.


Tables helpful for comparison purposes:


USSR: Rational Consumption Norms for and Per Capita Consumption of Basic Food Products, 1982 and 1990 (planned)


Capital Investment in Agro-industrial Complex, 1976-1985


USSR Industrial Food and Agricultural Input Peformance Jan-Sept, 1980-83


Opening Statements by:


Hon. Jesse Helmes (North Carolina)


Hon. Edward Torinsky (Nebraska)


Testimonies by:


                                       Marco Carynnyk, Kennan Institute Fellow

Includes transcript of interview with Malcolm Muggeridge, and the article, “The Famine the Times Couldn’t Find”


                                      James E. Mace, Harvard Ukrainian Institute


                             Robert Conquest, Hoover Institute, Stanford University


                      James R. Miller, Professor of Economics, University of Illinois


The Very Reverend Wolodymyr Bazylevsky, St. Vladimir’s Church, New York City


                            Anton Makish, United States Department of Agriculture


                     Iwan S. Koropeckyj, Professor of Economics, Temple University


                                   Katerhine Kochno, State College, Pennsylvania


Appendix: Statements by Carynnyk, Mace, Conquest, Miller, et al, including Koropeckyj’s, “The Ukrainian Economy Prior to  World War I and at Present.”


            Kochno’s testimony regarding mortality to children, Stalin’s children’s shelters.


“The transports came from abroad.  One was down in the Black Sea for our salvation, and the other transports . . . Ukrainian food, gold, and silver flooded the international market for the purpose to continue and contribute to American Depression.  And their the ultimate goal was, in the long term, to create a proletarian revolution in the United States. This aspect has never been considered before (36).




The Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate. “Hearing before the Committee

on Foreign Relations: A Bill to Establish a Commission to Study the 1932-1933 Famine Caused by the Soviet Government in Ukraine.” 98th Congress, 2nd sess., August 1, 1984. Washington: USGPO, 1984.  ISBN: 0-8447-3552-3.  iii + 137 pp.

            Black-and-white photographic Illustrations, Glossary, Appendix, Bibliography.


            Includes text of S-2456 (3-10)


            Statements of:

                                           Bill S. Bradley (Cong., New Jersey)


                               Myron B. Kurpoas (Ukrainian National Association)


                         Ihor Olshaniysky (Americans for Human Rights in Ukraine)


Mark R. Plamer (Deptuty Assistant Secretary of State for European and Canadian Affairs) (11-20)


Various Insertions for the Record, including:


“Famine and Nationalism in the Soviet Union” by James Mace, reprinted from USIA Problems of Communism (May-June 1984), and also by Mace, “Boiling the Ocean” reprint from the Wall Street Journal (June 18, 1984)


“America’s Red Decade and the Great Famine in Ukraine: The Unknown Holocaust,” by Myron B. Kuropas


Statement of Metropolitan Sheptytsky (Lviv, July 2, 1933) “Famine Crime Against Humanity”


Miron Dilot, “Who Killed Them and Why?” reprinted from Harvard Ukrainian Studies.


                       Statement by United States Senator Frank R. Launtenberg (NJ) 




United States.  The Commission on the Ukrainian Famine, 1932-1933.  Investigation of the

Ukrainian Famine, 1932-1933: First Interim Report of Meetings and Hearings of and before the Commission on the Ukrainian Famine Held in 1986 :  organizational  meeting, Washington, D.C., April 23, 1986 : meeting and hearing, Washington, D.C., October 8, 1986 : Hearing, Glen Spey, New York, October 26, 1986 :  hearing, Chicago, Illinois, November 7, 1986 :  hearing, Warren, Michigan, November 24, 1986. Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 1986. "International Commission of Inquiry into the 1932-33 Famine in Ukraine.  Exhibit # P-14."  viii + 172 pp.  U.S. G.P.O. Stock no: 022-003-01142-1; LCCN: 98-123298.


            Organizational Meeting in Washington 23 April 1986


Meeting and Hearing Washington 8 October 1986


Hearing Glen Sprey, New York 26 October 1986


Hearing Chicago 7 November 1986


List of Members of the Commission on the Ukrainian Famine (ii)


Public Law 99-335






Includes four memorandum:


“Political Causes of the Famine-Genocide in Ukraine, 1932-1933” by Volodymyr Kosyk


“Guidelines for Public Commissions Interested in Holding Hearings” (48)


“FY 1987 Budget”


“Famine Project: A Progress Report”



“The Deliberate Famine in Ukraine: The Horror and the Challenge,” by Fred E. Dohrs



United States.  The Commission on the Ukrainian Famine, 1932-1933.  James E. Mace and

Leonid Heretz, ed.  Oral History Project of the Commission on the Ukrainian Famine.  Vols. 1-3.  Adopted by the Commission 20 June 1990.  Ukrainian and English.  Washington: U. S. G.P.O., 1990.  582 pp. English introduction to Ukrainian testimonies, Transcription Note. U.S. G.P.O. Stock no: 022-003-01168-4; LC: HC337.U5.  


Vol. One:




1984 Ukrainian Famine Oral History Pilot Project (Leonid Heretz)


CUF Project (Sue Ellen Weber)


Oral History Project of the Ukrainian Famine Research Center, Toronto


Individual volunteer tapes—Cleveland Branch of the Ukrainian National Women’s League 1983, and Andrew Sorokowsky Series, California, 1983, and Miscellaneous items sent to the Commission.  Includes extensive references to other Revolution- World War II events.





            Includes pages 583-1166


            English and Ukrainian— English summary paragraphs of each Ukrainian Testimony.

These summaries provide pertinent details of life experience of the testifiers, not only  regarding the Famine, but of other related events that caused and exacerbated the sufferings of the people—e.g., fathers arrested, or re-arrested left women to tend to the family alone and to work the fields without the strength of male assistance and knowledge of farming. This inevitably affected the harvest yields.  1933 harvest gathered by city workers because the peasants were too weak from starvation (1312).


Effects of typhus, tuberculosis, and other diseases. 


Expropriation, confiscation, and the desire for revolt. 


Vol. Three


            English and Ukrainian--English summary paragraphs of each Ukrainian Testimony.


            Proceedings  and Closing Statements of Commission


United States. The Commission on the Ukrainian Famine, 1932-1933.  Report to Congress by

the Commission on the Ukrainian Famine. Adopted by the Commission on April 19,  1988, and Submitted to Congress April 22, 1988. Washington: U. S. G.P.O., 1988.  xxv + 524 pp. List of Members of the Commission on the Ukrainian Famine, Executive Summary, including Findings, Glossary, Biographies of Persons Prominently Mentioned in the Text, Appendices. Stock no: 022-003-01154-4; LCCN: 88-602457


Translations of Selected Oral Testimonies


Italian Diplomatic and Consular Dispatches (397-506)


Appendix III.  Final Meeting April 19, 1988


“Non-Soviet Scholarship on the Ukrainian Famine”


                              “Soviet Press Sources on the Famine”


                           “Soviet Historical Fiction on the Famine”


                                  “The Famine Outside of Ukraine”


                            “The American Response to the Famine”


“Summary of Public Hearings”


“Oral History Project”


            “Natural Rate of Population Growth in the Ukrainian SSR (1927-1931) (49)



United States. Commission on the Ukrainian Famine Act.  Hearing Before the Subcommittee

on International Operations of the Commission on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives. 98th Congress, 2nd sess., on S. 2456 ... August 1, 1984. No. 41-7100. Washington: USGPO, 1985.  iii + 137 pp. Appendix, Map. GovDoc: Y 4.f 76/2:S.hrg. 98-982; GPO Item No: 1039-B

Contains statement of Witnesses:

Hon. Dennis De Concini, (Arizona), Co-Chair of the Democratic

Party Council on Ethnic Americans


Hon. James Florio (New Jersey)


M. H. Palmer, Department Assistant Secretary State, Bureau of European and Canadian Affairs


Ihor Olshaniwsky, Americans for Human Rights in Ukraine


David Roth, National Ethnic Liaison, American Jewish Comm.


John Krumkowski, National Center for Urban Ethnic Affairs




“List of Studies and Publications concerning the Great Famine of 1932-1933 in the Ukraine,” submitted by the Department of State


Four articles dated August 13-September 10, 1984, regarding concealing the famine, and studies thereof


                                                    Statement James E. Mace


Letter dated 29 Septemeber 1984 by William G. Glaskow, National Chair of the Cossacks in America Citizens Committee of the Famine in Cossackia (Kuban), which mentions articles were written in the Soviet press regarding the French newspaper, Le Martin of 30 August 1933.


Russian Eviction Orders 17 December 1932




Encyclopedia of Ukraine.  Volodymyr Kubijovyc, ed. Vol. One of Five, A-F.

Toronto; Buffalo; London: University of Toronto Press, 1984 and 1985.  952 pp. Explanatory Notes, Abbreviations, Acronyms, Maps, Tables, Color, and Black-and-white Illustrations, Bibliographic References for each article.  ISBN: 

            0-8020-3362-8, Collector’s Edition: 0-8020-3416-0.


            “Agriculture” (26-38).


“History of Agriculture in Central and Eastern Territories, 1918-1940” (33-



            “Capital Investment” (361-362)


                                                          Chart: 1928-1940


            “Census” (390-392)

            This article notes the repeal before publication of the Famine years Census (391)


“Childcare Institutions” (447)


            “Children, Homeless” (447-448)

These articles regarding children and childcare present the immediate crisis of the orphans of the Famine.


“Collective Farm” (534-537)


“Collective Farm Household” (537-538)


“Legal Status and Collective Farm Legislation” (536-537)


“Collectivization” (538-540)


“Communist Party of Ukraine” (550-555)


“Concentration Camps” (560-562)


“Confiscation” (563-564)


“Expropriation” (847)


“Famine” (853-855)

Includes description of earlier famines, as well as the Great Famine of 1932-33.  Black-and-white pictures, Suggestions for further reading, bibliographic information following the article.


            “Foods, traditional,” (914-916)         

An interesting article that compares the traditional diet of Ukrainians to that

available under Soviet rule.


“Forced Labor” (917-918)




Encyclopedia of Ukraine.  Volodymyr Kubijovyc, ed.  Volume Two of Five, G-K.

Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1988. Maps, Illustrations, Bibliographic Information following each article. 737 pp. ISBN: 0-8020-3444-6.


“Genocide” (27-28)


“Grain Procurement” (74-77)



“Gross Harvest and State Procurement of Grain” in Tsarist and Soviet Eras, 1913-1980 (76)


“Grain Production” (77-80)


“Intelligentsia” (337-340)

Includes figures regarding the percent of Ukrainian Intelligentsia in the general population.


“Kulak” (702-705”



                                                                “Dekulakization of Ukraine as of 10 March 1930” (704)




Encyclopedia of Ukraine.  Danylo Husar Struk, ed. Volume Three of Five, L-

Pf. Preface by Danylo H Struk.  Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies (University of Alberta), Shevchenko Scientific Society (Sascelles, France), and the Canadian Foundation of Ukrainian Studies.  Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1993.  Black-and-white, and Color Illustration, Maps, Charts, Graphs, Bibliographic Information Following Each Article. 872 pp.  ISBN:  0-8020-3993-6; 0-8020-3008-4, Collector’s Edition.


“Labor Camps” (2-4)


            Map of Prison and Forced Labor Camps of USSR




                                    Camp Type, Location, and Date of Information


            “Land Law” (14-16)

            Including laws applicable in Soviet Ukraine


            “Land Use” (20-21)




                                    Land Use 1913-1987


                                    Percentage of sown area devoted to different crops, 1913, 1983 (21)


            “Memoir Literature” (376-378)

            Specific recommendations regarding the Famine (377)


            “National Composition of Ukraine” (342-544)


                        Table Two:


“Changes in National Composition of Ukraine, 1926-1937”

                                    Total of five tables regarding national composition, dating from 1900-



“Peasants” (812-816)




Encyclopedia of Ukraine.  Danylo Husar Struk, ed.  Volume Four of Five, Ph-

Sr.  Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies (University of Alberta), Shevchenko 

Scientific Society (Sascelles, France), and the Canadian Foundation of Ukrainian Studies.  Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1993.  Black-and-white, and Color Illustrations, Maps, Charts, Graphs, Bibliographic Citations follow each article.  864 pp. ISBN: 0-8020-3009-2; 0-8020-3009-2, Collector’s Edition.


“Political Prisoners” (117-118)


“Political Sections” (118)

“…political sections established at machine-tractor stations and at state farms

to further Party control in the countryside (118).


            “Population of Ukraine” (148-151)


                        Charts dated 1897-1989


                        “Population registers and census” (150-151)


            “Purges” (279-281)


            “Russians in Ukraine” (461-466)


            “Russification” (470-472)